• Recherche,

Vecteur transversal - Normes, savoir et (dés)ordre

Overarching vector: Norms, Knowledge, (dis)Order

The question of norms underpins the IETT's three research vectors. Normalization can be seen as a construct common to different institutional entities (legal, social, linguistic, scientific, and artistic) which impact on all human actions and events. Under interrogation is the relationship between individual autonomy and collective normativity, whether it be through democratic or technocratic implementation. Normalizing calls for the creation of an imaginary used by a group of users, and through which everything shall ultimately be measured; deviations and differences will then oscillate between the perceived poles of the normal and of the abnormal. Thinking is a normative activity which depends on cognitive and linguistic norms. From normality to abnormality, the concept of norm invites in its wake a reflection on order and disorder. Of primary concern to the researcher, is the ordering and disordering of knowledge, and this question leads researchers to reflect critically on their own research community and its present-day evolutions. The threat represented by the instituting of knowledge monopolies calls on us to identify emerging forms of epistemological disobedience and to determine their contours and modes of action. Rethinking the construction of knowledges, we propose transforming the nature of exchanges between the academic world and civil society. These procedures necessarily imply a wide diffusion and sharing of knowledge such as one finds in the development of the digital humanities so long as they are truly open and easy to use.

The normalization of thought and practices often leads to self-censorship. Censorship relies on a technical apparatus of production, reproduction and dissemination of hegemonic norms and dominant codes (propaganda): it is therefore necessary to understand the tactics it resorts to, the techniques it relies on and the effects it conveys (normalization, manipulation, categorization). It is in this sense that it is possible to speak of censorship as literally "manufacturing imaginaries": metaphors and stereotypes, rhetorical structures and narrative patterns, images and theatrics, advertising campaigns, legal texts or newspaper articles pursue political strategies of legitimation and de-legitimation of what can be or what must be said and thought, strategies which need deconstructing to highlight their often arbitrary and unfair nature. Thus understood, censorship leads to a system of classification of knowledge, to a typology of types of behaviour and a taxonomy of identities which reduce and weaken the range of the possible and the exercise of freedom.

Our laboratory's three research vectors aim to question, and even deconstruct the complexities that structure our relations with Gender, Sexualities (Vector 1. Genre, sexualités), with Ecology, Economy, Technology (Vector 2. Écologie, économie, technologie), with Migration, Borders, (De)coloniality (Vector 3. Frontières, migrations, (dé)colonialité).

The above algebra of vectors focuses on the realities and practices of the different cultural and linguistic domains represented within the IETT, and the discourses and representations they give rise to at different times in the form of intellectual productions and textual, musical and visual artistic practices.

Our unique transcultural methodology goes beyond the mere comparison of cultures, and aims to account for the complexity of cultural realities. We are well aware that the claim of universality that sustained Western culture and the arts for centuries is no longer tenable. The construction of such a pretence of "universality" was the product of a local history that gave European culture and artistic practices a great sense of self-reliance. The IETT is ideally placed to re-evaluate the hierarchical nature of our literary and cultural canons. Our ambition is to investigate not what lies "between" but "beyond" and "across" cultural categories while focussing on the diasporic circulation of practices, of texts, and of imaginaries without effacing the question of power. This approach implies a dehierarchization of disciplines, and a re-imagining of corpus-building so as to permit an examination of the widest variety of texts.

- Vecteur transversal - Normes, savoir et (dés)ordre : Lawrence Gasquet (lawrence.gasquet@univ-lyon3.fr)